Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) allows non-invasive assessment of human brain function in vivo by detecting blood flow differences. In this review, we want to illustrate the background and different aspects of performing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in the pediatric age group. An overview over current and future applications of fMRI will be given, and typical problems, pitfalls, and benefits of doing fMRI in the pediatric age group are discussed. We conclude that fMRI can successfully be applied in children and holds great promise for both research and clinical purposes.
Wilke M, Holland SK, Myseros JS, Schmithorst VT, Ball WS. Functional magnetic resonance imaging in pediatrics. Neuropediatrics, 34: 225-233, October 2003. (PMID: 14598227)