An Overview of Psychiatric Issues in Liver Disease for the Consultation–Liaison Psychiatrist

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Liver disease is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and elsewhere. Arising from infectious, hereditary, or toxin-induced sources, the detection of liver disease often requires a high index of suspicion. Clinical presentations are highly variable and are often accompanied by neuropsychiatric symptoms. This fact, along with an increased incidence of liver disease among patients with primary psychiatric disorders and the presence of varied drug use, complicates the tasks of providing care to patients with liver disease. To assist the consultation-liaison psychiatrist, the authors present the first of a two-part series focused on psychiatric issues in liver disease.